Uganda’s population mostly comprises of rural poor women, men and children whose livelihoods depend on rain fed agriculture systems. As such extreme climatic events like prolonged dry seasons, droughts, floods, and strong winds do greatly influence the rural livelihoods in various forms like human life, soil degradation, food security, health and environmental degradation. The increasing frequency of these events ultimately undermines poverty reduction efforts undertaken by Government and other development related organizations both at national and international levels. Although these extreme climatic events are inevitable, fortunately however, farmers can use seasonal climate forecasts offered by the meteorological department, to make better farming decisions, to fit within the expected events, to ensure household food security to minimize the adverse effects of these events.
The seasonal forecasts are issued every year before each wet season begins as well as on a quarterly basis as shown below for year 2004.